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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 14, 2019 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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♪ [appuse] >> and now, "bbc world news." jane: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am jane o'brien. backing a brexit delay -- british lawmakers ask for an extension to the march deadline for republicans serve up a rare public rebuke of president trump, voting against his use ol a natimergency to build a border wall. and beto o'rourke makes it official, joining the presidential race. but can the rising drat turn enthusiasm into votes?
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welcome to our viewers on public television in the u.s. and around the globe. for the third day running, british mps have juggled high-stakes with high drama, and once again the outcome is anything but clear. tonight they voted to approve the government motion to delay brexit beyond the planned mah 29 deadline. that was the date the u.k. waspp ed to withdraw from the eu. this is the moment the results were announced. >> ayes to the right, 412. the nos to the left, 202. ayes to the right, 412! the nos to the left, 202! ayes he it. ayes have it. jane: the moon means theresa may can ask the eu to postpone brexit by three months or longer.
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the timing depends on whether she can get backing for her brexit plan, which has already been rejected twice. but any delay has to be agreed by the other eu member states. 27it was some of the reaction from today's vote. >> there are now two options. one is to vote for the deal, get it through, leave in an orderly way. the second is a long delay. >> for the last few days have also put a responsibility on th. prime minist first, to publicly accept the both her deal and no deal are simply no longer viable options. jane: all eyes turn to next week whenps will be asked once again to back theresa may's deal, and crucial summit of european leaders on thursday could determine how long brexit can be delayed. our deputy politicalto ejohn pienaar looks at how the next stages might play out.
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john: another concession, another retreat by theresa may. mps have delayed brexit past march 29. orthey don't knowow long and nor do we. mrs. may never wanted this, bute she has been wd by defeat after defeat in the commons. with less than a week to go until the next eu summit, her mission somehow is to win around 75 or more tory brexiteers, with leave-supporting labour mps who want a brexit deal. theresa may will be calling s other a delay, another big vote before she fa leaders and asks for the delayn leaving. so aside from mrs. may's plan, what are the other options? t mps wi to drum up supportom ehind the scenes. some on both sides including cabinet ministers like amber w ruddld like brexit closer to
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the eu, a bit like norway's, sticking with eu market laws and standards and maybe the custom system. no new trade tariffs and border checks. no problem avoidg stocks and checks on the irish border. but it also mea no new trade deals around the world. jeremy corbyn and labor want a customs union. he sayhe can negotiate terms to his liking. then there is another referendum. mps were never likely to back a referendum this evening, but the so-called people's vote campaigners will be back. what will the eu makof it all? in brussels next week, eu leaders must decide whether to grant the brexit delay at all. signs are they will, but there may be strings attached. both france impose conditions -- will france impose conditions? ltll spain reopen the sovereignty of gib? crucially, will they insist on a long delay until the brits agree on brexit? tonight, the prime minister's laf best hope is that all o
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her defeats, all her concessis, will pave the way to a deal. fear of a long delay, possibility of being tied into eu rules, and fear of the referendum will persuade and scare mps into backing her deal? some legal guidance from the attorney general that the u.k. might be able to break with eu rules if britain feels tra rebels claimlp down, too. if she wins, it will be a triumph. britain will begin the even tougher task of discussing the future aftermarexit, even if tory mps and ministers say quietly that will be a job for a hw prime minister, that mrs. may's time me all but run out. jane: for more on the latest spoke tovelopments, i david corn. even if all the countries agreed to this, how would any delay to brexit make a difference?
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david: that is a big question. theresa may the last two years til very recently insist that britain is leaving the eu on march 29. with two weeks to go, there is no consensus. she has faced the political reality that britain is not ready in either political or economic form for the break. what she hopes to do is to call it a technical extension.e arguing that mps would use the extension to pass laws so that britain could stille leave ropean union within a matter of months. but of course she is also tying it to the vote next week. she is only going to ask for an, short extenshich as we have heard would have to be agreed by the eu -- she will only ask for the short extension if mps vote for her deal. ae hopes that the threat longer extension, longer delay, will bone reason why she can win at the third attempt next
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week. jane: david, why would mps change theirinds at this point having rejected it twice? david: that is anoer good question. she lost by 149 votes 48 hours ago. can she change 75 minds in a matter of days? itta looks a ver ask. she is relying on brexiteers, people who want to leave the european union, hardliners iny, her own part thinking that this is the nearest thing to brexit they are going to get because ithey don't get a short extension, they will have to waia year for brexit, and then as she puts it is either her deal or no brexit. oe hopes she will be able get that through next week. lookineat tonight's vote, only got tonight's vote with the help of opposition mps. she will n be able to rely on them actually. -- next week.
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jane: it has been really a pretty awful week for her. does she have any authority left? david: it is hard to see how she can survive much longer. the general assumption among conservative mps is that once the withdrawal agreement is clinched and brexit actually happens, she will move on or b ved on. if you look last night, there m webers of her own cabinet not supporting her. tonight there were members oft her cabiting against her. that is not normal in british politics.te normally min who did that would have to resign. but these are extraordinary times. jane: certainly are. david cornock, thank yovery much indeed for joining me. "build that wall" has been president trump's rallying cry since day one, but getting it done has not been easy. last month he declareden national eme to govern -- to divert funds to pay for it, but today the republican-controlled senate issued a stunning rebuke,
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joining the democraticallyontrolled house in voting to end e trgency. president trump says he will use the first veto of his presidency to get his way. for more on this, i was joined earlier by thomas bollyky -- for more on this i was joined by elisabeth bumiller of "the new york times." does this mean he faces deep trouble the senate as well as the house? elisabeth: well, no, because ouat is going to happen is he will veto this, asay. he is looking forward to it, talking about it already. there is not enough in the house or senate to override to, so he will get the emergency declaration. however, it will be tied up in the courtsand the fact that the congress has now rejected the emergency declaration will be a big factor in the court cases. don't forget -- you won't forget -- the united states went to war with great a king. did not want the idea was that the king has
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too much power, and therefore you divide power among threech br of government, and cap -- and congress has the money t, spend moot the president. this is a directebuke to congress' vwer. it will y hard for anyone to win a case when it only does the president do this over the objection of congress, they then have these votes. this will give court cases a lot of power. jane: isn't it also republicans rebuki not just the measure, but president trump's signature policy, th wall? i mean, that is pretty stunning, surely. elisabeth: yes, there is a couple other votes as well. it is not a massive group of republicans -- it was 12 republicans in the s-- but it was more than we were expecting.av wealso seen on the hill in recent weeks that they haveai voted t trump -- against the war powers resolution.
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the house this morning demanded that the attorney general make public everything that he said -- everything that he will receive about the mueller report. what is happening this week especially is that congress is now for the first time standing up to president trump, and it has taken quite some time for them tdo that. jane: how big a risk are republican sators taking in going against the president? elisabeth: it's a good question. my guess is that the president will tweet about some of them and go after some of them. but at this point, he has done it so often, he does it so regularly that is not -- i don'n it is going to be terribly politically damaging to these republicans. perhaps a little bit in very conservative districts. but don't forget, the majority of the public does not want this wall. the vast majority of americans think it is a bad idea build
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this wall. it is basically not even feasible physically. jan: you mentioned the vote yemen. do you think they are becoming emboldened right now, or do you that this rebuke of the national emergency is a one-off? elisabeth: i think the republicans are becoming emboldened. trump is facing -- these 20-some candidates on the democratic side who are in the presidential race, he is facing some resistance from republicans. larry hogan, the governor of maryland, may get in. there are stirrings now among republicans, moderate republicans, against the president. don't forget, the mueller report is about to come out and no one knows what it will contain. the president has neve popular among republicans on capitol hill. don't forget that. but those who have stood by hier are those inconservative districts, very conservative trump states who don't want
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primary challenges. but i do think ware seeing some real movement here. jane: elisabeth bumiller, thanks very much indeed for joining me. let's have a quick look at some of the day's other news now.e puted head of new york's gambino crime family has been killed outside his home in staten island in a reputed shooting. is considered the first targeted killing of a mob boss in the city since 1985. the chine telecom giant huawei has pleaded not guilty in u.s. court to federal charges including fraud and the violation of sanctions against iran. huawei is accused of working to defraud banks by misrepresenting its relationship with a hong kong-based company that sold products to iran. u e watching "bbc world news america." cstill e on tonight's
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program, the news may give you heart complications, but it turns out democracy itself may be good for you. venezuela's opposition leader says president maduro is to blame for escalation of tensions. speaking to e bbc, he did not rule out calling for foreign military interveion. authorities opened an investigation into him, accusing him of sabotage the to a nationwide power cut. will: the government has opened an investigaon into you, accusing you of sabotage. were you or any of your supporters involved in t blackout? mr. guaido: look, unfortunately the electricity crisis in nezuela has been going on for a decade. then-president hugo chavezed decln electrical emergency in 2005 in what they said was
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the el niño effect.d they inves00 billion of the time and the department later investigated and found that of mo than $80 million and we are suffering the consequences. will: you have got to admit the timing is very strange, very suspect. you returned from a regional tour and allf a sudden the lights go out. the united states does have a record of doing this in latin america -- guatemalachile, cuba, panama. is washington behind this? mr. guaido: that would be to reduce the conflict intoin somethat is not happening. i don't know about those cases you are referring to in latin america. thato -- what io know is in venezuela for 10 years from $100 billion was stolen from the electrical systere will: is youtionship with the trump administration causing problems with legitimacy? you have the backing of elliott abrams, marco rubio.
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what does that say about you r attempt to become president? mr. aido: it is not an attempt. i am the interim president of venezuela because the constution says so, and my main backing is from the people. jane: beto o'rourke has put to rest questions of whether he will run for president with a blockbuster rollout. included a feature spread on the cover of "vanity fair" and d longnergetic campaign swing through iowa. the real question is whether thx former congressman can harness the same energy from his failed senate bid and turn it into votes on the national stage. the bbc's dan johnson has more. mr. o'rourke: i am running to merve you as president of the united states ofca. dan: finally, the former congressman has shown his hand. his campaign kicked off in iowa,
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an important election battleground. mr. o'rourke: no one can be spoken for, no one can be written off, no one can be taken for grand. dan: he is a skateboarding punk rocker who is comfortable on stage with mates like willie nelson. congress, hes in drove a barnstorming senate campaign. he pulls crowds and raises cash a way few others can. ea. o'rourke: the dude wearing the "make america again" cap, you can come in, too. dan: he ran ted cruz close in one of t tightest races texas has seen. he didn't win, but clearly his ambition hasn't suffered. egmr. o'rourke: we can by fixing our democracy and ensuring that our government works for everyone and not just corporations. we cannvest in the dignity of those who work and those who seek to workth we can ensur every single american can see a doctor and be
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well enough to livto their full potential. all of us, wherever you li, cap acknowledge that if immigration is a problem, the best possible problem for this country to have. dan: what does the president think? hands are not usually histe favoalking point. pres. trump: i've never seen soe much hand nt. is he crazy, or is that how he acts? dan: youfull charisma, arirring speeches -- for supporters, therechoes of a kennedy here, but he joins a stage full of democratic hopefuls. dan johnson, bbc news. jane: for more on beto o'rourke and the gring field, i spoke with democratic rategist mary anne marsh. how has beto o'rourke entering the race change the dynamic for the democrats? mary anne: beto o'rourke has been the l the entire field for so long,
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yourself,ve to ask will he be able to meet the astronomical expectations placed on him in this race? he was a rising star and political force in that race ins texas, but hisr has faded a bit. when he lost the race, but also in this long period of contemplation he took to decide whether to run. ne: how does he take the energy and razzle-dazzle into actual votes? mary ae: that is the key point here. can beto o'rourke based on charisma and a cult of popularity push his way through the iowa caucuses, which i think he has to win, because the 4 contests after that -- new hampshire, south carolina, nevada -- tougher races for him. he needs tslingshot his way with a win in iowa, to new hampshire, to get that kind of momentum. y wh look at it, is he the next barack obama, or is he going to be a bust? he does not have a lot of experience, not a lot of policy
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positions, but a ton of charisma. jane: the other person with high expectations is joe biden. has not declared yet. any news on when he will? mary anne: i think it will be closer to the end of march and early april. this fundraising quarter ends in march and if you get in this month you might have something onehe books and it will not a lot of money. i think everyone is creeping their way into april. try to start fresh in april with fundraising. and especi ly with joe biden, he has never been a great fundraiser and he does not have the grassroots network that a lot of candidates have in this race. it is something he will have to work very hard at. jane: what about the challge of age and the fact that he will be competing against fresh faces like beto o'rourke? mary anne: there are two things to think about joe biden. first and foremost is is heg go be a better candidate than the other two times he ran for president? h the receis not president today is that he was a bad caidate in the two other attempts he made and he lost because of self-inflicted
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wounds. i don't think physical age matters for joe biden, even esthough there are fresh fn this race, as much as the positions he has taken over the years and the long time he has been ipolitics. as the saying goes, ifou are explaining, you are not winning, and joe biden has been explaining a lot of things from his political past, he addition toact that no one has laid a glove on him over 10 years. he was a popular vice president with barack obama, but he has not been in a political environment and does not he a political organization that has been his own for over 10 years. jane: mary anne marsh, thank you for joining me. mary anne: thanks so much, pleasure. jane: if thinking about politics makes you feel ill at the moment, you might be surprisedt to learn tmocracy is good for your health. -- good for you. that is according to a new study which found that countries that switch to democracy experience improved life expectancy and fewer deaths than heart disease.
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,arlier i spoke to tom bollyky author of "plagues and the power of progress." thanksery much for joining me. what is the link between health and democracy? tom: the link between health and democracy htorically is pretty modest. most were many autocracies have done well on health, done well on life expectancy, child mortality, and countries cuba and china were held out asl gluccess stories. what is different about the research now is it looks at what happening to countries now that they are shifting to heart disease, diabetes, cancers. not just life expectancy, but what do people get sick and die from? what we find is the link between democracy and deaths from these diseases is quite strong. adult life expectancy goes up 30% within the first 10 years
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after a country has transitioned to democracy. for each increase in the metric for democratic experience, you see a reduction of about 2% of cardiovascular disease. jane: this is quite good news t for democracy, becauses been getting a bad rap and all feel stressede at the moment. tom: there is political upheaval in europe and the united states, gridlock, and it is hard to make the case for democracy. so this is an exciting result for that. and possibilities as well. in global health you see aid flatlined over the last five to 10 years. ere is less support going to global health, particularly asth e diseases, chronic diseases have risen. this provides an opportunity for maybe a way of engaging all that that isn't so money-intensive.
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jane: but artalking about better access to health care, or is it something about the system of democracy itself? tom: great, it's both. democracies -- and i should say in particular the results tisuggest free and fair els -- make governments accountable for trying to address the broader needs of the populion. it also means often that you have a freer media, more civil society, and that makes people able to share information as well. couple things u see -- democracies as they become more democratic start seanding more onh. and you also see that mortality really starts to decline. that is probably from increased services, but also just thego rnment feeling the need to regulate the kinds of things that lead to cardiovascular disease, like tobacco use. jane: fascinating stuff. thanks very much for joining me. tom: thanks so much for having
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me. jane: if you want to find out more about how the democratic unprocess is working athe world, check out our website command to see what we're working on check us out on , jaitter. i' o'brien. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." h >> we bbc news app, our vertical videos are designed to work around your lifestyle, so you can swipe your way through the news of the day and stay up-to-date with the latest headlines you can trust. download now from selected app stores. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, and kovler fndation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. >> what are you doing? >> possibilities. your day is filled with them. tv, play "downton abbey." >> and pbs helps everyone discover theirs.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: a dozen senate republicans break with the presint, voting to overturn mr. trump's declaration of a national emergency at the southern border. then, how indictments in the case of coege admissions fraud expose disparities along race and family income lines at ite universities. plus, a business school that's free, aimed to help low-income people start a company without a loan. >> you have to borrow things and barter. you need to use your energy. but we haven't found a business thatn't yet find a way to start for free. >> woodruff: all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.


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